Royalty Pecan Farms lies on fertile land just one mile west of the Brazos River. This is one of the important reasons our pecan trees grow well here.
The Brazos River begins in the Texas Panhandle west of Lubbock and empties into the Gulf of Mexico at Freeport, Texas. This is a distance of 1,280 miles. The Brazos is the 11th longest river in the United States and its drainage basin is 44,800 square miles. There are three dams along the Brazos forming three lakes: Possum Kingdom Lake, Lake Granbury, and Lake Whitney.
It’s because of the Brazos River that Royalty Pecan Farms exists at this location today. See, river bottom soils, or alluvial soils, are laid down over years and years of a river escaping its banks and flooding the surrounding low land. Alluvial soils are very deep, well drained, and contain no rocks. The soil on Royalty Pecan Farms is classified as a silty loam.
Alluvial soil is a term used to describe the soil in river bottom flood plains. Don’t confuse that with “river bed” soils. The river bottom flood plain is what we call the low land on either side of the river banks, not actually the bottom of the river. In our case here, the flood plain extends about one mile past the Brazos River up to the edge of our orchard.